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monologue text

Report Text
Teks report adalah salah satu jenis teks (genre) dalam bahasa Inggris yang menjelaskan sesuatu apa adanya. Teks ini mempunyai langkah-langkah retorika (generic structure) yang terdiri dari : General Classification dan Description.
  1. General Classification: Klasifikasi umum tentang apa yang dijelaskan (tells what the phenomenon under discussion is)
  2. Description: menjelaskan fenomena-fenomena yang sedang dijelaskan dalam bentuk bagian-bagian, kualitas, kebiasaan dan tingkah laku (tells what the phenomenon under discussion is like in terms of parts, qualities, habits or behavior).
Fungsi sosial teks report (social function of report text) adalah untuk menjelaskan sesuatu apa adanya
Dalam materi ini anda akan mempelajari salah satu jenis teks (genre), teks report yang mempunyai langkah retorika yaitu General Classification – Description dan mempunyai fungsi sosial ( social function ) untuk menjelaskan sesuatu apa adanya, yang menyangkut kejadian alam, karya manusia, dan fenomena sosial di sekitar kita .
untuk lebih jelasnya silahkan download materi di link berikut:

Procedure Text
have you ever read the instructions on how to make a model, program a video recorder or cook instant noodles? if so, you have worked with a procedure text. A procedure, therefore, is a piece of text that gives us instructions for doing something. the purpose of a procedure text type is to explain how something can be done.
please download the material in this link.

Narrative Text

Narrative Text adalah salah satu jenis teks (genre) yang biasa digunakan untuk menulis dongeng atau cerita maupun kejadian diwaktu lampau yang mengandung permasalahan (complication), yang mempunyai langkah-langkah retorika (generic structure) yang terdiri dari: orientation, complication, resolution dan re-orientation jika ada (optional).
untuk lebih jelasnya mari kita ikuti beberapa penjelasan oleh: Mrs Lilis Suryani, S.Pd
silahkan klik narative text.
berikut contoh-contoh text narrative yang dapat didownload melalui link berikut:
link ke malinkundang(macromedia flash)
link ke fifty famous fable by lida brown

Recount Text

Definition of Recount
Recount is a text which retells events or experiences in the past. Its purpose is either to inform or to entertain the audience. There is no complication among the participants and that differentiates from narrative

Generic Structure of Recount
1. Orientation: Introducing the participants, place and time
2. Events: Describing series of event that happened in the past
3. Reorientation: It is optional. Stating personal comment of the writer to the story

Language Feature of Recount
• Introducing personal participant; I, my group, etc
• Using chronological connection; then, first, etc
• Using linking verb; was, were, saw, heard, etc
• Using action verb; look, go, change, etc

for the example of recount text please klick this link: 

Descriptive Text
The Definition and Purpose of Descriptive Text
Descriptive text is a text which say what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.

The Generic Structure of Descriptive Text
Descriptive text has structure as below:
Identification; identifying the phenomenon to be described.
Description; describing the phenomenon in parts, qualities, or/and characteristics.

The Language Feature of Descriptive Text
Using attributive and identifying process.
Using adjective and classifiers in nominal group.
Using simple present tense

the example of descriptive text: (quoted
Jakarta is located on the northwest coast of Java Island, at the mouth of the Ciliwung river. It dominates Indonesian’s administrative, economy, cultural activities, and is a major commercial and transportation hub within Asia.

The climate is hot and humid. Rainfall occurs throughout the year. The heaviest rainfall is from November to May. The city lies on a flat, low plain and is likely to be affected by flood during period of heavy rainfall.
(The short monologue above is the audio file of listening section test for National Examination 2008.)